Diabetes is a disorder of the hormone (endocrine) system that renders the body unable to regulate blood sugars. Also known as diabetes mellitus, diabetes has two main types. Type 1, previously known as juvenile diabetes, is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic mutation and environmental factors, so it is not a preventable disorder. In Type 1, the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disorder. Environmental factors play a more significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight has been linked to the increase in potentially developing type 2, however not everyone who is overweight is at risk of diabetes. In Type 2, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the body ignores insulin.
Another form of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy due to the body’s process of producing more hormones. This rare form of the disorder increases the risk of pregnancy complications, but it can be treated relatively easily.
A wide variety of tests are available to help diagnose diabetes. The most typical tests administered are: blood glucose tests, oral glucose tests, and hemoglobin AC1 tests. Common signs and symptoms of diabetes include: frequent urination, presence of ketones in urine, unusual thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, extreme fatigue, blurred vision and mild to high blood pressure.
It is important to diagnose and treat diabetes as early as possible, because there can be severe implications from the complications of diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to irreversible nerve damage and even amputation. Also, patients with diabetes are at higher risk of some cancers. Skin infections, insulin resistance, high blood pressure and hyperglycemia are some of the many complications associated with diabetes.
The most fundamental treatment for all types of diabetes is the practice of healthy eating in combination with the correct amount of physical activity. Medical treatments may include devices that monitor blood sugar, medications providing insulin, and other oral prescription drugs. For severe cases of diabetes, transplantation and bariatric surgery may become treatment options to help extend life.
Stat RX Pharmacy is dedicated to helping our patients manage their Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes with cost effective, quality medical solutions that integrate into a busy life schedule. We carry a range of today’s most advanced prescription medications and medical equipment available for diabetes management, and we provide personalized, professional care. Contact our pharmaceutical experts today for more information on our diabetes prescription plans.