Oncology therapies are available to treat cancer, a classification of diseases characterized by the breakdown and invasion of cells into other tissues. The uncontrolled growth of cells can alter DNA and mutate genes. Also known as malignancy, there are over one hundred types of cancers. The most prevalent types of cancer with oncology therapy available are breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer and lymphoma. Therapies may vary according to type of cancer. The earlier a cancer is detected and diagnosed, the better the chance of it being cured.
The causes for cancer are varied, though environment and diet have been found to play a large part in the body’s susceptibility to carcinogens (cancer-causing toxins). Some of the leading causes of cancer are prolonged exposure to benzene or other chemicals, excess alcohol consumption, excessive sunlight exposure, heredity, and obesity.
A wide range of procedural testing can be done to detect and diagnose cancer. Blood tests, mammography, colonoscopy, biopsies, complete blood count (CBC), CT scans and MRI scans are common tests available to identify most cancers. Some of the signs and symptoms of cancer include: frequent chills, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, night sweats or excessive weight loss.
The most common complication of cancer is the spread of the disease to other organs. Other complications vary according to the severity or stage of the cancer. To reduce the risk of contracting malignant tumors that cause cancer, practice healthy eating and exercise, maintain a healthy body weight and minimize your exposure to toxic chemicals.
For cancer that has not yet spread, surgery is the most common and effective treatment utilized to remove cancer (tumors). Chemotherapy and oncology therapy are other treatments practiced if the cancer cannot be removed surgically. By targeting the cancerous cells with radiation and specific courses of medication, oncology therapy is not only effective but also painless. The most common side effects of oncology therapy are fatigue and loss of appetite, but they are temporary. These processes may take a long time and are often difficult. With the variables of tumor/cancer type, location, severity and the patient’s health, treatment for cancer can often become complicated.
In the United States, there are several organizations and support groups available that offer a wealth of information and a range of support services to patients and physicians who treat cancer. The following are a few sites which can offer valuable information for individuals and families affected by cancer:
At Stat RX Pharmacy, we understand the needs of our cancer patients. Our expert pharmacists and staff can assist providers and patients in creating treatment regimens that integrate into life’s schedule so that patients can manage their health comfortably and efficiently. We provide a wide range of oncology therapy medications with consistent follow-up care and service so that patients receive a smooth continuum of comprehensive care. Contact us today to learn more about our oncology therapy programs.